How Long Does a Truck Accident Court Case Take? Staff Profile Picture
Written By:
Michael Avanesian Profile Picture
Reviewed By:

The duration of a truck accident court case varies widely, ranging from several months to potentially a few years. With an estimated 154,993 people injured in traffic accidents involving large trucks in 2021, it’s fair to say that these cases are not an anomaly. So, why do these lawsuits take so long to resolve? What factors contribute to the prolonged duration? Is finding an attorney crucial in expediting the resolution process?

This page answers these questions and delves into the complexities of truck accident cases, offering insights into the estimated timelines for hiring an attorney and the various stages of hearings. Here, you’ll discover the factors contributing to the extended duration of these cases and gain valuable tips on finding a qualified attorney to handle your case. 

Hiring a Truck Accident Lawyer

Hiring a truck accident lawyer is crucial for navigating the complexities of a court case. It’s essential to consider the following factors when making this choice:

  • Level of Expertise: A specialized lawyer understands the unique regulations and challenges in truck accident cases, boosting your chances of a favorable outcome.

  • Investigation Skills: A proficient attorney will thoroughly investigate, gathering crucial evidence such as accident reports, witness statements, and electronic logging device data. 

  • Negotiation Experience: Skilled negotiators can engage with insurance companies to secure fair settlements, sparing you the stress of a prolonged trial.

  • Litigation Capability: In case of a trial, a seasoned truck accident lawyer is prepared to present a compelling case in court. 

You may be able to secure legal representation relatively quickly but hiring the correct person is not so easy. More complicated cases could extend the timeline.The timeline for hiring an attorney with all these qualifications can vary. It often depends on your case's complexity, urgency, and the attorney’s availability. In straightforward matters, you might be able to secure legal representation relatively quickly, perhaps within a week or two. However, more complicated cases could extend this timeframe. 


The timeline for your hearing is often contingent on your case’s complexity and the depth of your lawyer’s skills. Below, we’ve detailed the general steps and provided an estimated timeframe for each stage typical in a hearing.

Filing the Complaint

The plaintiff initiates the legal process by filing a complaint. This marks the beginning of the case, prompting the legal process to unfold, and sets the foundation for subsequent stages, such as the defendant’s response and the overall timeline of the litigation. Depending on individual circumstances, this can occur within weeks to a few months after the accident. 

Service of Process

The defendant is served with the complaint and has a specific time to respond, usually a few weeks. This step ensures that the defendant is aware of the allegations, initiating their legal obligation to respond within a specified timeframe and officially launching the legal proceedings. 


Both parties exchange relevant information and evidence. Discovery can last several months as attorneys gather and review documents, take depositions, and engage in other investigative activities. 

Pre-trial Motions

Either party may file motions to resolve specific legal issues before the trial. These motions include requests to exclude certain evidence, clarify legal matters, or dismiss parts of the case, contributing to the shaping of the trial and potentially affecting the overall duration of the litigation process. This stage may take a few months.

Negotiations or Mediation

Parties may attempt to settle through negotiations or mediation. This can occur at various points but often happens before trial. 

The duration of this stage is remarkably variable and can range from a few weeks to several months. The exact time frame depends on factors such as the willingness of both parties to negotiate, the complexity of the case, the number of issues to be resolved, and the availability of key stakeholders. 

While many cases see swift resolution during this stage, others may require extensive discussions, leading to a more prolonged mediation period. If matters aren’t resolved at this point, they usually progress to trial.

Trial Preparation

If no settlement is reached, attorneys prepare for trial. This usually involves reviewing and organizing documents, preparing witnesses, consulting expert witnesses, and drafting legal motions. Your attorney will also develop a strategic approach to presenting your case, anticipating opposing arguments, and preparing for potential challenges — which can take several months. 


The trial itself might last days to weeks, depending on the case's complexity. Both parties will present evidence, arguments, and witness testimonies to establish liability and seek a favorable verdict. This phase involves meticulous trial preparation, legal strategies, and the presentation of a compelling case before a judge or jury, with the duration varying based on the complexity of the case and the number of issues to be addressed. 

Verdict and Post-Trial Motions

After the trial, the court will deliver a verdict. Post-trial motions, if relevant, may extend the process by a few weeks. These typically involve requests to the court for specific actions, such as challenging the verdict, seeking a new trial, or addressing legal errors. 


If dissatisfied with the verdict, either party may appeal. This process introduces an additional layer to the legal proceedings, potentially prolonging the resolution timeline as the appellate court reevaluates the case, considers legal arguments, and determines whether the trial court’s decision should be upheld, modified, or reversed. This usually adds months or even years to the process. 

When Will My First Hearing Be?

Your first hearing will typically occur several weeks to a few months after the initial filing of the complaint. The specific timeline will depend on court scheduling, the complexity of your case, and the legal procedures in the jurisdiction where your lawsuit is filed.

Why Do Truck Accident Lawsuits Take So Long to Resolve?

Truck accident cases often endure lengthy timelines for several reasons. From complicated legal processes to the thorough investigation required, reaching a resolution can be tough. 

Investigation Challenges

Conducting a thorough investigation in truck accident cases involves complexities such as analyzing electronic logging device data, obtaining witness statements, and navigating jurisdictional issues, contributing to prolonged timelines.

Legal Processes and Procedures

Adhering to legal protocols, including discovery, motions, and court scheduling, extends the resolution process, ensuring that each step is diligently followed for a fair and comprehensive outcome. 

Negotiations and Mediation Dynamics

The back-and-forth nature of negotiations and mediation, aimed at settling before trial, can introduce additional time as parties work to find mutually agreeable terms while considering the intricacies of the case.

Trial Preparation and Readiness

The meticulous preparation required for trial, involving legal research, witness preparation, and strategy development, ensures a robust case presentation but adds significant time to the overall resolution process.

Complexities in Liability Determination

Establishing liability in truck accidents, often involving multiple parties, requires careful examination of evidence and legal arguments, contributing to the extended duration of these cases.

Appeals and Post-Trial Actions

If dissatisfied with the trial outcome, parties may pursue appeals or post-trial motions, introducing additional stages to the legal proceedings and further elongating the resolution timeline.

How To Find a Truck Accident Attorney

While the timeline of a truck accident may appear beyond control, one crucial aspect remains within your grasp — securing a highly qualified truck accident attorney through’s Truck Accident Lawyer Directory.

It’s important to note that having a knowledgeable attorney on your side can make a significant difference regarding timelines. Your ideal legal representative should possess specialized expertise, maintain professionalism, and allocate ample time to your case. This may seem challenging to find, but fortunately, our lawyer directory exclusively features legal professionals who meet this criteria. Explore the directory to discover attorneys in your metro area, or contact our concierge for direct connection with a professional tailored to your specific needs.

Share Staff Profile Picture StaffAuthor

Step into the world of, your go-to hub for credible insights. We don't take accuracy lightly around here. Our squad of expert reviewers, each a maestro in their field, has given the green light to every single article you'll find. From rigorous fact-checking to meticulous evaluations of service providers, we've got it all covered. So feel free to dive in and explore. The information you'll uncover has been stamped with the seal of approval by our top-notch experts.

Michael Avanesian Profile Picture

Michael AvanesianReviewer

Michael Avanesian is a passionate personal injury attorney dedicated to advocating for justice and fair compensation for accident victims. With a focus on compassion and expertise, committed to guiding clients through the legal process with integrity and determination. Visit: