Alabama Motorcycle Laws Staff Profile Picture
Written By:

Alabama is a thrill for motorcycle riders with its stunning landscapes and scenic routes; it's no surprise that thousands of motorcyclists take to the roads there every year. However, with the excitement of riding comes the risk of accidents and injuries. US Route 431 is considered one of the most dangerous roads in Alabama and is nicknamed the “Highway to Hell” because of its poor visibility and sudden lane changes.

The Alabama Department of Transportation’s 2020 Crash Facts reported 1,685 motorcycle crashes, which resulted in 1,115 injuries and 72 fatalities. The state saw a slight decrease in motorcycle-related crashes, with 1,867 accidents in 2019. Additionally, it was discovered that the driver of the motorcycle was to blame for 62% of fatal motorcycle crashes. These statistics emphasize the significance of understanding and adhering to Alabama's motorcycle laws. 

The state has implemented essential laws to ensure the safety of bikers on the roads and help them avoid any legal consequences. Knowing the rules can prevent accidents and injuries and reduce the chances of legal complications in case of accidents.

Alabama Class M Driver’s License Endorsement

In Alabama, a Class M driver's license endorsement  is mandatory for all motorcyclists intending to legally operate on public roads. This endorsement serves as an added certification to a driver's license, attainable only after successfully passing the requisite tests and satisfying state-specific motorcycle-related criteria.

Securing a Class M endorsement in Alabama necessitates the possession of a valid driver's license, followed by the successful completion of motorcycle knowledge and skills tests. The knowledge test encompasses various areas such as motorcycle operation, riding techniques, along with laws and regulations specific to the state. Conversely, the skills test assesses your proficiency in safely controlling and maneuvering a motorcycle in a range of situations.

The Class M endorsement requirement in Alabama ensures that motorcyclists have a thorough understanding of the rules of the road and the skills needed to operate a motorcycle safely, which helps reduce the risk of accidents and injuries on the state's roadways.

Alabama Motorcycle License Requirements for Minors

In Alabama, minors are required to obtain a license in order to operate a motorcycle on public roads. According to the Alabama 2020 Crash Facts Book, there were 97 motorcycle crashes involving motorcycle riders aged between 15 and 19, which resulted in 62 injuries. This points out how important it is for young riders to meet all the motorcycle license rules, including passing the required tests, before they can legally ride on public roads.

Individuals who are 14 and older may receive a Class M motorcycle license after passing a motorcycle knowledge test by the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency or by completing the Motorcycle Safety Foundation and Basic Riders Courses by the Alabama Traffic Safety Center or Alabama Motorcycle Safety Program. The course covers basic motorcycle operation, defensive driving techniques, and other essential safety practices.

Additionally, there are established restrictions for individuals under 18 when driving a motorcycle, like operating hours, the use of handheld communication devices, and having another minor as a passenger.

By meeting these requirements, minors can reduce the risk of accidents and injuries on Alabama's roads.

Alabama Motorcycle Helmet Law

Alabama has a motorcycle helmet law that requires all motorcyclists and their passengers to wear helmets while riding on public roads. It also states that all motorcycle operators must wear shoes. This law is designed to protect riders from serious head injuries and fatalities in the event of a crash. 

The Director of Public Safety has the authority to adopt and amend regulations covering the types of helmets and their specifications, and it can also establish and maintain a list of approved helmets. The law applies to all riders and passengers, regardless of age or experience level.

To ensure young riders have the proper protection in case of an accident or injury, parents and guardians must not permit juvenile drivers to operate a motorcycle without wearing a protective helmet and shoes.

Violation of the helmet law may lead to a misdemeanor offense with fines of up to $100 and a jail sentence of up to 180 days. 

Alabama Motorcycle Distracted Driving Law

Alabama prohibits all drivers, including motorcyclists, from texting while driving. It is illegal for drivers to use a handheld device to write, send, or read text-based communications while operating a motor vehicle, including motorcycles. This prohibition includes text messages, emails, and instant messages.

Violating this law can result in a fine of $25 for the first violation and penalties of up to $75 for subsequent offenses. Motorcyclists need to stay focused on the road and avoid any distractions while driving, as these increase the risk of accidents, injuries, and fatalities on the road. 

It is also important to note that law enforcement officers can issue a citation to a driver merely on the grounds of violating the state’s distracted driving law. 

Alabama Motorcycle Law on Driving Under the Influence

Alabama’s DUI law states that it is illegal for anyone to operate a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or any other substance that impairs their ability to drive safely.

The legal limit for blood alcohol concentration while operating a motorcycle in Alabama is 0.08%, the same as for operating other motor vehicles. However, motorcyclists are at a higher risk of injury or death in the event of an accident, and impairment can have even more severe consequences.

Penalties for violating the DUI law can include fines between $600 and $2,100, license suspension or revocation, and even imprisonment for up to one year. Additionally, if a drunk motorcyclist causes an accident resulting in injury or death, they may face civil lawsuits and be liable for damages.

Motorcyclists should always practice responsible driving habits and never operate their motorcycles while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. By doing so, they can help ensure their safety and the safety of others on the road.

If you or a loved one has been involved in a motorcycle accident, it is essential to contact a lawyer to understand your legal options and make sure that your rights are protected.

Alabama Motorcycle Lane Splitting Law

Alabama specifies rules for operating motorcycles on roadways. Under this law, all motorcycles have the right to full use of a lane, and no motor vehicle should be driven in a way that deprives them of this right. However, this does not apply to motorcycles being operated two abreast in a single lane.

Motorcycle drivers cannot pass in the same lane as the vehicle they are overtaking. It is also illegal to operate a motorcycle between traffic lanes or adjacent lines or rows of vehicles. Finally, motorcycles cannot be operated more than two abreast in a single lane, except for police officers performing their official duties. 

These regulations are in place to prevent accidents and protect both motorcyclists and other drivers on the road. Motorcyclists need to be aware of these rules to avoid any legal consequences and promote safe driving practices.

Alabama Motorcycle Law on Footrests and Handlebars

Alabama motorcycle riders are required to have footrests and handlebars on their motorcycles. Every motorcycle must be equipped with footrests for the operator and passenger and handlebars that do not exceed 15 inches in height over the seat of the driver.

The footrests must be designed and positioned to support the operator's and passenger's feet and prevent them from contacting the ground or any part of the motorcycle while it is in motion. This ensures that riders and passengers have proper support and stability while riding.

The handlebars on motorcycles in Alabama must not be higher than the operator's shoulder level when the rider is seated. This prevents the handlebars from obstructing the operator's view or causing other safety hazards while riding.

These restrictions allow riders to have better control of their motorcycles and avoid hazards that may arise due to improper equipment.

Alabama Motorcycle Insurance Requirements

All motorcycle riders in Alabama are required to have liability insurance coverage to operate a motorcycle legally. The minimum insurance requirements for motorcycle riders are similar to those for passenger vehicles, which include:

  • $25,000 in bodily injury coverage per person, 

  • $50,000 in bodily injury coverage per accident, and

  • $25,000 in property damage coverage.

Additionally, proof of insurance must be carried by the rider at all times while operating a motorcycle and presented to law enforcement officers upon request.

Other insurance plans motorcycle drivers may purchase include collision, comprehensive, bodily injury, medical payment, and underinsured/uninsured motorist coverage. Some plans also cover accessories and custom parts and equipment. 

It is important for motorcycle riders in Alabama to obtain and maintain the appropriate insurance coverage to ensure that they remain safe while driving. Riders should also carry proof of insurance while operating their motorcycle, as failure to do so can result in a citation and may lead to a Class C misdemeanor. 

How Much Can Someone Sue for a Motorcycle Accident in Alabama?

The amount someone can sue for an Alabama motorcycle accident depends on the extent of the injuries, the damages suffered, and who is found to be at fault for the incident.

In general, if you are injured in a motorcycle accident, you can sue for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering. There is no cap on the amount of damages that can be awarded for these types of losses, meaning the compensation you can receive is determined on a case-by-case basis.

However, the state has established a cap on punitive damages, which injured victims may receive if it is proven that the defendant acted with intentional or conscious malice. The maximum amount that can be recovered is three times the compensatory damages, or $1,500,000, whichever is greater. There is also a cap of $100,000 for cases involving municipal liability

Alabama Statute of Limitations for Motorcycle Accidents

For motorcycle accidents, the statute of limitations in Alabama is two years from the date of the accident. If the lawsuit is not filed within the two-year window, the plaintiff will likely lose their right to seek compensation for their injuries.

However, there are some cases with exceptions to the statute of limitations. For example, if the injury wasn't immediately apparent and didn't manifest until later, the statute of limitations may be extended.

It is crucial to consult with a personal injury attorney after a motorcycle accident in Alabama as soon as possible to ensure that all necessary legal actions are taken within the allotted time frame.

Alabama Is a Fault State for Insurance Claims

Alabama is a fault state regarding insurance claims related to motorcycle accidents. This means the driver who caused the accident is typically responsible for covering the damages and injuries that result from the accident.

Since motorcyclists must carry minimum liability insurance, the injured party can file a claim with the at-fault driver's insurance company if the latter causes an accident. If the insurance company determines that the insured is responsible for the accident, they typically offer a settlement to the injured party to cover their damages and injuries.

However, if the at-fault driver's insurance company denies the claim or offers an insufficient settlement, the injured party may need to file a lawsuit to recover the compensation they deserve. 

Alabama Is a Pure Contributory Negligence State for Motorcycle Accident Lawsuits

Alabama is a pure contributory negligence state for motorcycle accident lawsuits, as stated in Alabama Rule of Civil Procedure Rule 8(c). This means that if a person is even 1% at fault for the accident, they may not be able to recover any damages. If a motorcyclist is involved in an accident with another driver and is found to be even slightly at fault, they may not be able to recover any compensation for their injuries, even if the other driver was mostly at fault.

This system differs from comparative negligence, where damages are apportioned based on the degree of fault of each party. In a pure contributory negligence state, if a plaintiff is found to have contributed to their own injuries in any way, they will be barred from recovering damages from the defendant.

Alabama's pure contributory negligence law can make it difficult for injured motorcyclists to recover damages in lawsuits, as even a minor mistake or error on their part can completely prevent them from any recovery. 

Legal Resources for Alabama Motorcycle Accident Victims

Alabama State Bar Lawyer Referral Service

The Alabama State Bar operates a Lawyer Referral Service to help connect individuals injured in motorcycle accidents with experienced attorneys who can assist with their legal needs. This service is available to residents of Alabama and can be accessed by calling the toll-free number 1-800-392-5660 or by filling out an online request form. It is important to note that the Lawyer Referral Service is not pro bono or free legal counsel. The referral fee costs $50, which includes an initial consultation with the attorney. 

Legal Services Alabama

Legal Services Alabama is a nonprofit organization that provides free civil legal assistance to low-income individuals and families involved in motorcycle accident cases. To receive assistance, individuals must meet certain income and eligibility requirements. The organization's website provides information on how to apply for services and a list of office locations throughout the state.

Alabama Crash Report Request Form

Alabama requires written crash reports for motorcycle accidents when the incident results in injury or death or causes damage to property. The Alabama Law Enforcement Agency maintains all crash reports for the state. The Crash Report Request Form is needed to obtain a crash report online, which can be paid for by credit card or electronic check. Within a few weeks of submitting the request, you will receive a copy of the crash report by mail.

Alabama Motorcycle Manual

The Alabama Department of Public Safety has released a Motorcycle Operator Manual to provide comprehensive information on safe motorcycle operation. The manual covers a wide range of topics, such as motorcycle controls, protective gear, riding techniques, hazardous riding conditions, and Alabama traffic laws and regulations. It provides detailed information on performing pre-ride inspections, maintaining motorcycles, and riding in different weather and road conditions. It also includes tips on how to increase visibility, avoid distractions, maintain proper speed, and avoid common causes of motorcycle crashes.

Alabama ALGO Traffic

Alabama ALGO Traffic is a platform by the Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) that provides real-time information about traffic conditions, road closures, and incidents that may affect travel in the state. It offers a map feature that allows motorcycle drivers to view traffic conditions and alerts by location, as well as a list of current road closures and incidents. 

Alabama Strategic Highway Safety Program

The Alabama Strategic Highway Safety Plan is a comprehensive program developed by ALDOT and its partners to improve highway safety in Alabama. It focuses on reducing the number of fatalities and injuries on Alabama's roadways through data-driven strategies and collaboration with stakeholders. 

Share Staff Profile Picture StaffAuthor

Step into the world of, your go-to hub for credible insights. We don't take accuracy lightly around here. Our squad of expert reviewers, each a maestro in their field, has given the green light to every single article you'll find. From rigorous fact-checking to meticulous evaluations of service providers, we've got it all covered. So feel free to dive in and explore. The information you'll uncover has been stamped with the seal of approval by our top-notch experts.